The Energiewende, which is often translated as “energy turnaround”, describes Germany’s efforts to switch to a sustainable, environmentally friendly energy supply for its electricity, heating and transport. Its aim is to replace the need for fossil fuels and nuclear power.
The German government passed a resolution on the Energiewende in 2011. The move was motivated by the nuclear disaster in Fukushima the same year. Under the resolution, Germany aims to shut down all of its nuclear power plants by 2022 and to drastically reduce its carbon emissions. The government is therefore focusing on expanding renewable energy through wind, solar and geothermal technologies. It has also introduced funding measures to boost energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption. Overall, Germany is aiming to cover 60 percent of its electricity needs with renewables by 2050.
Saskia Blank of the Ideas 2020 team answered this question.